A condition that requires treatment is the so-called gynecomastia, which may be the result of m.in. hormonal disorders, taking certain drugs, anabolics or stimulants as well as some diseases. Depending on what tissue grows, we talk about gynecomastia, glandular or mixed, or glandular fat. It turns out that the mixed form is the most common. Determining the type of gynecomastia determines the choice of the proper treatment for this condition.
Gynecomastia gynecomastia is used for pharmacological and surgical treatment. Pharmacotherapy is a method reserved for cases at a fairly early stage, before the fibrous tissue replaces the glandular or adipose tissue, which results in the perpetuation of gynecomastia. This method is effective in cases where gynecomastia is caused by hormonal disorders, because pharmacotherapy restores the proper level of hormones. In gynecomastia pharmacotherapy, drugs such as testosterone derivatives are used – DHT (dihydrotestosterone), dopamine agonists, or anti-estrogen drugs.
Surgical treatment of gynecomastia
According to Mode-Lifestyle gynecomastia can be taken at any stage of breast growth. It is recommended primarily for the treatment of chronic gynecomastia, puberty, gynecomastia, idiopathic gynecomastia (the cause of the emergence of tissue growth is unknown) and when gynecomastia is not subjected to conservative treatment, or pharmacotherapy.
Operative gynecomastia treatment can be done with the help of many different techniques. The choice of the right one depends on the type of gynecomastia (fat, glandular, mixed), its size, as well as the patient’s skin condition (flaccidity, skin volume). In the case of gynecomastia adenoma-fat, the aim of the procedure is not only to remove hard glandular tissue, but to eliminate excess fat tissue, which is usually achieved through the use of liposuction. Gynecomastia gynecomastiausually performed under general anesthesia.
Usually the first stage is the removal of adipose tissue, which is recommended to be performed with the tumescent method, significantly reducing bleeding during surgery. Subsequently, a subcutaneous mastectomy is performed by perifacial, breast or transrectal incision. This stage involves the removal of glandular tissue and the possible excision of excess skin in the case of very advanced gynecomastia. This procedure gives very good cosmetic effects and is well tolerated by the patient.
Gynecomastia glandular fat is a very uncomfortable illness affecting men, which, however, can be successfully treated at any stage. The proper method of therapy depends mainly on the cause and type of the occurring growth, therefore, consultation with a specialist is very important in the entire treatment process.